New Claims and Continuations Rules

9 posts / 0 new
最新回應
哈今
哈今 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

目前美國專利界最熱門的話題,莫過於美國專利局宣佈有關請求項和延續案的新規定。新規定中限制在沒有請願 (Petition) 和理由顯示 (Showing) 的情況下,發明人只能提出兩件 continuation 或 CIP 申請案,且在此專利家族中,只能有一件 RCE。在請求項方面,限制在沒有審查支持文件(Eamination Support Document)下,申請案最多只能有 25 項請求項和 5 項獨立項。由於新規定不但對用於新申請案,而且也適用到部分目前正在處理的申請案,因此在專利界和企業界引起相當大的震撼,因為許多公司必須針對新規定對自己所有的專利申請案進行評估,擬定新策略,這對擁有大量申請案的公司來說,並不是一件容易的事情。

美國專利局上上週四特別針對新規定舉辦兩小時的網路研討會,由於法規攏長,幾乎所有的專利界人士都等到參加過研討會之後才對新規定有初步的了解,建議對新規定有興趣的讀者可以先從研討會的投影片 (http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/dapp/opla/presentation/ccfrslides.pdf) 開始看起。

投影片部分內容節錄如下:

Overview of Claims and Continuations Final Rule
Continued Examination Filings 37 CFR 1.78(d) and 1.114
*Applicants may file, without a petition and showing:
一 Two continuation or continuation-in-part (CIP) applications; and
A single request for continued examination (RCE) in an application family.
--An application family includes the initial application and its continuation or CIP applications.
一 Applicant may file any additional continuing application or RCE with a petition and showing.

Examination of Claims 37 CFR 1.75(b)
*Applicants may present, without an ESD, up to:
一 Five (5) independent claims or
一 Twenty-five (25) total claims in an application.

Applications Containing Patentably Indistinct Claims - 37 CFR 1.78(f)
*Applicants must identify other commonly owned application(s) or patent(s) that has:
一 An inventor in common with the application; and
一 A claimed filing or priority date within two months of the claimed filing or priority date of the application.

Effective Date Provisions

Effective Date: November 1, 2007
Publication Date of the Final Rule: August 21, 2007
Compliance Date for 37 CFR 1.78(f): February 1, 2008

Continuing Applications 37 CFR 1.78(a) and (d)
The rule changes to continuing application practice under § 1.78(a) and § 1.78(d) are applicable to:
Applications* filed on or after November 1, 2007; and
Applications entering the national stage on or after November 1, 2007.

Applicant may file “one more” continuing application, without a petition and showing, for:
Applications* filed before August 21, 2007; and
Applications entering the national stage before August 21, 2007.
*Including reissue applications, but not reexamination proceedings.

Examination of Claims 37 CFR 1.75(b)
The rule changes to examination of claims practice under § 1.75 are applicable to:
Applications* filed on or after November 1, 2007;
Applications entering the national stage on or after November 1, 2007; and
Applications* in which a FAOM was not mailed before November 1, 2007.
For example, applicant is required to file an ESD in an application that contains more than 5/25 claims if a FAOM was not mailed before November 1, 2007.
*Including reissue applications, but not reexamination proceedings.
An ESD will not be required in a reissue application if the reissue application does not seek to change the claims in the patent being reissued.
A change in the claims in the patent being reissued is sought either by:
An amendment to a claim or addition of a claim; or
An amendment to the specification which changes a claim.
Applications Containing Patentably Indistinct Claims - 37 CFR 1.78(f)

The rule changes to § 1.78(f) are applicable to:
Applications pending on or after November 1, 2007.
For applications filed before November 1, 2007,
Applicant must comply with the requirements under §§1.78(f)(1) and 1.78(f)(2):
Within the time periods set forth in §§ 1.78(f)(1) and 1.78(f)(2); or
By February 1, 2008, whichever is later.

有關新規定詳細的內容,請參考:
http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/dapp/opla/presentation/clmcontfinalrule.html

metalica
metalica 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

請問"FAOM"是什麼,其為那些字的簡寫呢?
另何謂"Porter claim"?

謝謝哈今大人的解說 :D

哈今
哈今 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

FOAM 指的是 first Office action on the merits,也就是一般有專利性審查的第一次官方審定書(核駁書)。因為新法在11月實施後,還沒有收到核駁書的申請案就會受到 5/25 claims (五項獨立項,25項請求項) 規定的限制,所以我會建議大家開始 review 自己的申請案,找出還沒有收到核駁的申請案,盡早採取行動,如決定是否刪除請求項或提出 Suggested Restriction Requirment (SRR) 等。另外,在收到核駁書後,超果數目的請求項就不能再要求退費。因此盡早採取行動向專利局提出適當文件,除了較能掌握申請案的申請策略外,也不置於浪費掉之前多付的請求項費用。

Porter claim? 沒聽過,不知道是在哪看到的。

訪客 (未確認)
訪客 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

想請問一個有關"Identification of Other Applications"的問題, 是否只要符合同一申請人, 至少同一發明人及二個月內就須提報? 即便二個發明有天南地北的差異(或IPC分類不同)?

metalica
metalica 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

親愛的哈今大人,再請問一下,下面這段話是什麼意思:

If the application has not been allowed applicant must identify other pending applications and patents if the following conditions are met:
1. The application has a claimed filing or priority date that is hte same as or within two months of the claimed filing or priority date of the other pending or patented application, taking into account any filing date for which a benefit is sought under title 35, United States Coes;

謝謝回覆! :D

哈今
哈今 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

pooh bear wrote:想請問一個有關"Identification of Other Applications"的問題, 是否只要符合同一申請人, 至少同一發明人及二個月內就須提報? 即便二個發明有天南地北的差異(或IPC分類不同)?

是的

哈今
哈今 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

metalica wrote:If the application has not been allowed applicant must identify other pending applications and patents if the following conditions are met:
1. The application has a claimed filing or priority date that is hte same as or within two months of the claimed filing or priority date of the other pending or patented application, taking into account any filing date for which a benefit is sought under title 35, United States Coes;
這一條規定主要是說如果有其他申請案具有至少同一共同發明人且是在同日或兩個月內提出的話(需考慮優先權日),申請人必須向專利局提報這些申請案.

metalica
metalica 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

A divisional application is not required to be filed during the pendency of the initial application, as long as the copendency requirement of 35 USC 120 is met.

請問哈今大大,這句話的意思??謝謝

訪客 (未確認)
訪客 的照片
New Claims and Continuations Rules

我來回答
也就是說如果專利家族中有一件還pending的話,即使最先的申請案已經沒有pending了,還是可以申請divisional

Log in or register to post comments