螢光粉成份專利破解

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螢光粉成份專利破解

螢光粉成份專利破解

許多人關心以及想瞭解螢光粉成份專利破解,以下提供參考。

螢光粉與LED組合製做白光之專利,螢光粉成份破解,即為破解白光專利方向之一。
改變螢光粉成份,而欲與原螢光粉專利具有可並列之智慧產權位階,
螢光粉性質應有明顯而為大眾認可之改變。

簡單說,就是經過成份之調整,可以顯現已往未有之特殊性質,
此種特殊性質,在使用螢光粉時,會表現出某種優於已往螢光粉之表現,
因而可擴展使用、應用層面者。
改變螢光粉成份使之展現優異特性,取得專利,具有與原螢光粉並列之智慧產權位階,或破解原螢光粉專利,可以考慮以下幾種方式:
第一、加入某種成份,提高演色性指數。例如將演色性指數提高5、8或更高。
第二、加入某種成份,提高亮度。例如將亮度提高20%、40% 或更高。
第三、加入某種成份,加寬激發範圍。例如搭配晶片波長範圍加寬15nm,30nm或更多。

當然,雙重或多重改善,例如同時提高演色性指數、亮度,或同時提高演色性指數、加寬激發範圍等等,改善層面越多越好。

螢光粉之改變並非注重在成份改變之多寡,而應著重性質改變之多寡,性質改變必須十分明顯,並為大眾認同才可。舉一常見之夜光粉SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy為例,SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy與SrAl2O4:Eu只差 Dy,但多加了Dy之後,原本的發光時間增長數倍。雖然SrAl2O4:Eu比SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy先發明,但SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy因為發光時間大為增長,且為大眾認同,並可大為擴展使用、應用層面,因而取得數國專利,並具有智財權地位以及行使智財權之能力。以這個例子來看,如果再添加某一成份A,得到SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy,A,可以使發光時間再長3小時或5小時,雖然只是成份上一點小改變,但螢光粉特性具有優異變化,就可以取得專利,具有智慧財產權位階而可行使智慧財產權。

如果藉由成份之改變使YAG或TAG具有明顯且優異之性質上改變,將可取得智慧財產權位階,或是破解原專利。
再次強調,所謂之優異表現,必須十分明顯、且為大眾難以否定或質疑者。例如,宣稱亮度提高5%或演色性指數提高2,或是激發範圍加寬2nm,這樣的改變,並不明顯,而且再考慮不同設備或量測誤差,就可能遭受大眾否定或質疑。

螢光粉專利破解,可以以原螢光粉為基礎,以某種成份改變其原有性質,使其展現大眾認可之特殊表現,擴展原螢光粉使用、應用層面。

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